An itchy sensation in the gums is a common experience for many dental patients. There are a variety of things that can result in discomfort in the gums. Some causes could be natural changes in the body, underlying health related issues, or injury to the mouth. It can be hard to know what you are dealing with when you begin to experience itching in your gums, but here are a few of the most common causes of itchy gums.
Periodontal Disease – Periodontal disease, particularly gingivitis, is often considered the most likely issue behind itchy gums. If you are experiencing itchy gums in combination with gum soreness, bad breath, a receding gum line, and bleeding gums, periodontal disease may be to blame. Periodontal disease is a serious health issue that should always be treated by a dental professional. If not treated effectively, gum disease can lead to infection and tooth loss. Most of the time, dentists will recommend treatment with medicated toothpaste and mouthwash to rid the mouth of the bacteria that is causing the disease.
Allergies – Another common cause of itchy gums is an allergic reaction to something you’ve eaten, dental equipment, or a new medication. Allergic reactions can produce itching, swelling, or burning sensations in your gums. Most often, if the allergy is related to something you’ve eaten, products like nuts, eggs, or raw fruits or vegetables are to blame. If the itching does not subside within a day or so after you have cut out the food that you suspect is causing an allergic reaction, you should contact your dentist. Other potential causes, such as metal within dental fillings or new medications, will require consultation by a medical profession.
Bruxism or Teeth Grinding – Any injuries to teeth or the mouth, particularly those involving open wounds, can lead to itchy gums. As cuts or lesions begin to heal, you may begin to experience an itchy feeling. Chronic grinding or clenching of the teeth can often lead to such injuries. Over time bruxism can damage gums and teeth by eroding enamel and leading to a receding gum line. Whether bruxism has lead to an injury or gum recession, itchy gums are a common result. This condition is commonly treated with a customized mouth guard that will prevent grinding or clenching from occurring.
Hormonal Changes – These types of issues most often affect women who are experiencing pregnancy, puberty, or menopause. During these times of hormonal change, women may begin to experience tenderness, redness, sensitivity, bleeding, and itching in the mouth and gums. Puberty often leads to increased blood flow to the gum, which can result in sensitivity and itching. Pregnant women may experience what is known as “pregnancy gingivitis” which can also produce an itchy sensation. The hormonal fluctuations that accompany both menstruation and menopause can also lead to similar symptoms.
Other potential causes include teething, canker sores, oral herpes, viral infections, or dental abscesses. The wide range of causes for itchy gums makes it important to consult your dentist right away. You could be able to make some simple diet or dental care changes to resolve the situation, but you could also be in need of medical attention. Your local dental health care experts at Lynn Dental Care will be able to ensure in treating your discomfort, you are also resolving any underlying health issues. With Lynn Dental Care on your side, you can rest assured that your smile will be bright, comfortable, and healthy.